Siamese cat – a talkative, blue-eyed cat with dark markings on the face, extremities, and tail. Cat is very social, intelligent and affectionate with the family she belongs. This playful cat is the oldest ever known Asian cat breed, besides the Persian type.

Breed Overview

WEIGHT: 6 to 14 pounds ( 3 – 6 kg)

LENGTH: Around 14 inches  (35 cm)

ACTIVITY LEVEL: active

COAT COLOR: Seal, chocolate, blue, lilac and more

COAT: Short

EYE COLOR: Blue, rarely green

GOOD WITH: children, seniors, dogs, cats, families

LIFE EXPECTANCY: 8 to 12 years

OTHER TRAITS: hypoallergenic, easy to train, easy to groom, friendly toward humans, highly territorial, high potential for weight gain,
good for first-time pet owners, strong loyalty tendencies, good lap cat, tolerates being picked up

Breed Characteristics:

Siamese cat breed
Siamese cat breed

Siamese cat has blue almond-shaped eyes, slightly obliquely. The body is muscular, elongated with a triangular head. The neck is long, the tail is slender, and the ears are large. Fur is short, soft and glossy without an undercoat. Seal points are the cat's distinctive marks as a result of the partial albinism, heritage mutation. The modern Siamese cat's head and body type are different from traditional Thai, but the pointed color pattern is the same in both versions (current vs Traditional). Dark spots, seal points are positioned on the legs, feet, ears, face and tail. The seal point on the front looks like a dark mask. The coat is mainly white to creme colored. Some countries consider Siamese-style in many fur colors, but others like CFA considers original only a few types of fur colors: blue, seal, chocolate and lilac point. The original cat had a kink in the tail, but a modern, Siamese style doesn't, as it is consciously thrown out through breedings evolutive methods.

Temperament: 

Siamese cats have social nature. Intelligent and affectionate, active and playful cats from the Siamese breed act more like a dog than cats. These cats are also known as trainable, which puts them more close to dogs characteristics. Often, the Siamese cat finds one person with whom she makes a strong bond and asks for personal attention and adequate care. Good nature and intelligence make them vulnerable family members. They can be very vocal. Siamese tends to express vocal abilities when they don't like something – that can be annoying to owners who can't understand what to change in the environment or their relationship with the cat.  Siamese is a very vocal breed, if not one of the most vocal. This breed doesn't like to be left alone, and the owner should provide many intelligent toys that will occupy their attention.  

Health

Siamese cats don't live a long life, but one Siamese cat lived 30 years. Their short lifespan causes genetic affection to mammary tumours. Siamese cat breed can have a high gastrointestinal and neoplasmic risk but a lower risk in urinary tract diseases. Their eyes can be affected by some retinal atrophies. They can live 14 years if they have proper care, but living age differs from country to country. Older versions of Siamese cats tended to have crossed eyes, which is not the case in modern developed versions, but less acute vision capacity stayed.  This breed can have respiratory diseases like asthma or some other bronchial problems. Kidney and liver dysfunction isn't rare, and there is also a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy risk. 

Care

Part-time grooming is necessary. Brushing helps cats to keep the coat shiny but also lessen the hairballs risks. Siamese doesn't like cold or wet surroundings as they do not have a double coat or undercoat. They want warm places in the home for taking daily neps. Siamese like cats company, and it is good for them to have at least one cat more while living indoor. Everyday trimming is preferable as it helps Siamese to stay active and healthy.

Siamese cat breed
Siamese cat breed

Facts

Siamese fur is temperature-sensitive, and on colder body parts, cats get a darker shade.

Rich history makes this breed more interesting – there are many legends, stories and drawings, including Siamese as the main actors.

These cats are not shy and like to vocalize every mood change or need and vocalize it very loudly.

In the kingdom of Siam, these cats people described the symbol of good luck, great fortune and the sign of evil spirits absence.

History

The Siamese breed is an old Asian breed native to Thailand, a country historically called Siam. Siamese breeds became popular in Europe and North America in the 19th century. Siamese and Persian breeds are the oldest cat breeds in the world. Priests respected The Siamese cats in Thailand Buddhist temples, and the cats were famous as royal cats, owned and kept by Siamese royalty. Breeders developed the more elegant shape without some old physical characteristics of Siamese cats. Today, the ancient breed type is the Thai cat, Siamese cats with unchanged traditional Siamese gene type. First mentions of this breed appeared around the 1350s. Also, there are drawings from the 14th century to the 18th century and very interesting are the first drawings, showing cats with Siamese bodies and tiger's pattern coats.

Children And Other Pets

Siamese cats blend great into families with children, another cat and cat-friendly dogs. Young children will need to be careful with Siamese as cats can childish movements and careless treatment read as a provocation. The cat can scratch someone in defence, but this cat is not aggressive, just protection empowered as any other cat.

Choosing the Best Food for Siamese cat

Siamese needs food with a high percentage of meat proteins. This breed isn't tolerant to lactose, and it's good to avoid milk or any lactose added food. A cat should get the food according to activity and age features. Obesity can be a vital cause of many illnesses, and it is good to take care that your Siamese cat doesn't overeat. Always provide fresh and clean water, especially if the cat prefers dry food.

Choosing the Best Food for Siamese Kittens

Food for kittens should have a quality composition for growth and development containing proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Proper nutrition will ensure optimal health, but it is also vital for the kitten's small amounts several times per day.